DisplayPort 2.1a enables longer ultra-high-bit-rate (UHBR) cables; new Automotive Extension enables first-ever standard for functional safety, authenticity, and integrity verification of automotive displays
BEAVERTON, Ore. – January 8, 2024 – The Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA®) today announced that it has published the latest update to DisplayPort, version 2.1a. This update replaces the VESA certified DP40 ultra-high-bit-rate (UHBR) cable specification with a new VESA certified DP54 UHBR cable spec to enable up to four-lane UHBR13.5 link rate support (a maximum throughput of 54 Gbps) over a two-meter passive cable. As a result, the DisplayPort 2.1a update effectively doubles the passive cable length for UHBR13.5 GPU-to-display connections—which previously could only be supported through a DP80 UHBR cable—providing consumers with greater flexibility in their gaming or workstation setup.
VESA also announces it has published a new Automotive Extension Services protocol specification for both DisplayPort 2.1a and the latest version of VESA’s Embedded DisplayPort (eDP) specification, version 1.5a. This new protocol extension provides support for automotive display functional safety as well as secure integrity and authentication for up to 16 display regions of interest. With the VESA Automotive Extension Services protocol, VESA has for the first time established a standard for vehicle displays that can enable display safety engineers to achieve ISO 26262 ASIL-D* – the holy grail of electronic safety integrity. Silicon manufacturers are already adopting VESA’s Automotive Extension Services protocol today for chipsets that will be integrated in future vehicles.
VESA executives will be available to discuss these and other important updates with VESA’s standards at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES), taking place this week in Las Vegas, January 9-12, 2024.
Longer UHBR Cables for Greater Flexibility
With the DisplayPort 2.1a update, the new DP54 cable specification enables support of both UHBR10 and UHBR13.5 sink and source devices with passive cable lengths of up to two meters. Monitors enabled with UHBR13.5 can drive resolution/refresh rate combinations as high as 8K2K at 240Hz or 8K4K at 120Hz over four lanes. While VESA is eliminating the DP40 cable spec, existing DP40 cables that have been shipped to date have been confirmed by VESA through rigorous testing to be compliant with the DP54 cable spec and support UHBR13.5 link rates. Sink and source devices supporting UHBR20 link rates (a maximum throughput of 80 Gbps using all four lanes) continue to be supported by VESA certified DP80 UHBR cables.
“With the latest update to DisplayPort, the UHBR13.5 cable spec is now purpose built to provide both UHBR10 and UHBR13.5 monitors and graphics cards with a longer passive cable. Consumers are no longer limited to connecting UHBR13.5 sink and source devices with a one-meter DP80 cable, which provides more bandwidth support than what their hardware needs and, in some cases, might be too short for their set-up, for example with ultra-wide curved displays,” stated James Choate, compliance program manager for VESA.
Making the De Facto Standard for Vehicle Displays Even Better
As vehicles become more advanced and connected, the number of high-resolution interior displays in automobiles is on the rise. These displays provide a wide variety of critical information that drivers need to operate their vehicles safely and efficiently. Most automotive displays currently use DisplayPort or eDP to carry video data from the central vehicle computer to the displays. In addition to its high video bandwidth capability, DisplayPort features Multi-Stream Transport (MST), which enables multiple displays to be connected to a single DP source port. However, until now, there was no standardized way to verify that the data transmitted from the GPU was received by the display in the same way that it was sent, ensuring it is free of noise injection or errors.
VESA’s new Automotive Extension specification protocol addresses this need, adding critical safety and security protocols on top of the existing DisplayPort 2.1a and eDP 1.5a spec. It features a mandatory functional safety profile for the main data path and metadata that uses very-high-safety-rated cyclical redundancy check (CRC) polynomial mathematical signatures for every frame of video data across the data path. This ensures that a frame never gets dropped or repeated so that critical events are always captured and never missed.
The protocol also features more advanced optional profiles that provide functional safety for the DisplayPort Aux channel, which carries command and control data for the video source device; security authentication and integrity checking on the data path, to prevent unauthorized tampering with the video data or the physical displays themselves; and encryption of the DisplayPort Aux channel, to prevent hackers from reading information on the types of displays in the vehicles that could be used to tamper with the displays.
“Displays are increasingly being integrated into automobiles, which provides a valuable infotainment resource for drivers and passengers but can also create opportunities for safety errors and data breaches if not properly secured,” stated Bill Lempesis, executive director of VESA. “As the world’s leading standards body for the global display industry, VESA takes automotive display safety and security seriously. Leveraging the latest versions of DisplayPort and eDP with VESA’s Display Stream Compression (DSC) codec, our new Automotive Extension Services protocol can handle the safety and security needs of virtually every safety-critical display in the vehicle from a single cable. We are issuing a call to electronics, displays and automotive manufacturers to join our efforts in continuing to shape this new Automotive Extension Services protocol to address the future challenges and needs facing the automotive industry and consumers.”
The VESA Automotive Extension Working Group, which is driving the new Automotive Extension specification protocol, is open to all VESA members. For companies that are not currently members but would like to participate, please visit https://vesa.org/join-vesamemberships/ and complete the application form to become a member.
Note to Editors: Members of the press attending CES 2024 that are interested in a private tour of VESA’s VIP suite at the Palazzo Hotel to meet with VESA executives to learn more about VESA display standards, including the new Automotive Extension specification protocol, as well as see product demonstrations first-hand, can contact David Moreno at Open Sky Communications by email at email@example.com.
* ISO 26262 is an international functional safety standard for road vehicles that addresses hazards caused by the malfunctioning behavior of electronic and electrical systems installed in the vehicles. Automotive Safety Integrity Level (ASIL), specified under the ISO 26262, is a risk classification scheme for defining the safety requirements. ASIL values are established by performing a risk analysis of a potential hazard by looking at the Severity, Exposure and Controllability of the vehicle operating scenario, with ASIL-D being the highest safety integrity level.
The Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) is an international, non-profit standards association representing a global network of more than 340 hardware, software, computer, display and component manufacturers committed to developing and promoting the electronics industry. For more than 30 years, VESA has created and supported simple, universal and cross-product solutions for today’s video and electronics industry. The association’s standards include DisplayPort™, the industry replacement for DVI, LVDS and VGA. DisplayPort utilizes a state-of-the-art digital protocol and provides an expandable foundation to enable astonishing digital display experiences. For more information on VESA, please visit http://www.vesa.org/.
VESA® is a registered trademark and DisplayPort™ is a trademark of VESA. All other trademarks, service marks, registered trademarks, and registered service marks are the property of their respective owners.
Bill Lempesis, Executive Director, VESA, Tel: (503) 619-0505, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
David Moreno, Principal, Open Sky Communications, Tel: (415) 519-3915, E-mail: email@example.com